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Free English Study Guide
Magazines | Education 2011-07-04 06:06:19
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    F A S S E T GR 11/12 N le E These books are available online from www.thutong.doe.gov.za and www.proverto.co.za learner & educator d catoor SH uc I d edu L & learne e er e & e G UNIVERSITY OF LIMPOPO free study guide Guiding the leaders of tomorrow 2011 First Edition www.proverto.co.za za

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    Dear Learner and Educator Proverto overto Educational Publishers Publishers trusts trusts that that this this free free study study guide guide made made possible possible by by its its advertisers and sponsors will be of great value to you with your studies during the year. The study guide guide does does not not replace replace your your textbook, textbook, although although although you you you may may may find find find the the the content content content to to to be be be similar. similar similar. Hard work work and nd c careful reful pl planning nning i combined combined bi d with with ith a a passion passion i for for f education education d ti made made d its its i way way to to provide you with this free study guide. Our efforts will only be worthwhile if you use this guide to its maximum maximum and and that that you you will will ill i have have the the spirit spirit i i of of givi giving giving i i to to pass pass this this book book on on to to your your teachers, teachers, a relative relative or or friend friend after after using using this this stud study guid guide e and and d completing completing l i your your academic academic d i year! year! year!! Regards The Proverto Team am Published by Proverto Educational Publishers Publisher Editorial and and Content: Proverto and National al Department Department of of Education Education Ed in in conjunction conjunction with with selected selected Experts in Subjects Sponsorship/Advertising: Alice Towson - alice@proverto.co.za Angelique Angelique van van de de Sandt Sandt - - ads@proverto ads@proverto.co.za co za Claudette Claudette de Bruin - claudette@proverto.co.za claudette@proverto co za Cover Design: Arno van van Niekerk - arno@proverto.co.za Enquiries: quiries: Tjokkie Janse van Rensburg - - tjokkie@proverto.co.za tjokkie@proverto.co.za ISBN 620 18 8 249 249 Please PPlease ease note note tthat that at no no other other person person or or agency agency may may se sell sell tthese these ese books books or or advertising space space on on be behalf behalf a f oof of Proverto Proverto or or further further urt er notification notification of of o the the publisher. The Thestu study ygui guides guides es may may legally legally be downloaded ownloa e from from t the e Proverto Website: www.proverto.co.za www.proverto.co.za or or any any other ot other er website website where where the tthe est study ygui guides es may appear. We urge rge schools sc schools s and an and the the e Department Department of Education Ed cation Districts Districts to to contact contact our our office office if if you yo you have have ave any any queries. queries. Proverto Postnet Suite Suite 137 137 Private Private Bag Bag x 2 Helderkruin Helderkruin lderkruin 1733 1733 Fax: Fax: (011) (011) 764 764 6245 6245 Email: Email: mail@proverto.co.za mail@proverto.co.za www.proverto.co.za 2 0 1 11 www.proverto.co.za Turn T page t to t complete complete plete l l t your request quest form form Download these books and career guides from www.proverto.co.za 1 2free free e study studdyy guides guide ides These books are available online from www.thutong.doe.gov.za www.th and www.proverto.co.za

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    1. FOREWORD 2. ADVERTORIAL Poem 3 English First Additional Language - Paper 1 3.1 Comprehension - Exercise 1 3.2 Summary - Exercise 2 3.3 Language 3.3.1 Visual Literacy - Exercise 3 3.3.2 Active/Passive - Exercise 4 3.3.3 Punctuation - Exercise 5 3.3.4 Dictionary Work - Exercise 6 3.3.5 Singular/Plural - Exercise 7 3.3.6 Questions - Exercise 8 3.3.7 Negatives - Exercise 9 3.3.8 Tags - Exercise 10 3.3.9 Reported Speech - Exercise 11 3.3.10 Editing & Spelling - Exercise 12 3.3.11 Apostrophe - Exercise 13 3.3.12 Tenses - Exercise 14 3.3.13 Synonyms - Exercise 15 3.3.14 Antonyms - Exercise 16 3.3.15 Pronouns - Exercise 17 3.3.16 Prepositions - Exercise 18 3.3.17 Concord 3.3.18 Adverbs - Exercise 19 3.3.19 Adjectives - Exercise 20 MEMORANDUM INDEX 4. English First Additional Language - Paper 3 4.1 Essay - Exercise 21 4.2 Longer Transactional Writing 4.2.1 Official/Formal Letter - Exercise 22 4.2.2 Friendly Letter - Exercise 23 4.2.3 Internal memorandum - Exercise 24 4.2.4 Short article - Exercise 25 4.2.5 Notice, Agenda and Minutes - Exercise 26 & 27 4.2.6 Speeches - Exercise 28 4.2.7 Dialogue - Exercise 29 4.2.8 Interview - Exercise 30 4.2.9 Review - Exercise 31 4.2.10 Newspaper article - Exercise 32 4.2.11 Magazine Article - Exercise 33 4.2.12 Newspaper Column - Exercise 34 4.2.13 Curriculum Vitae - Exercise 35 4.2.14 Obituary - Exercise 36 4.2.15 Brochure - Exercise 37 4.2.16 Editorial - Exercise 38 4.3 Shorter Transactional Writing 4.3.1 Invitation - Exercise 39 4.3.2 Diary entry - Exercise 40 4.3.3 Postcard - Exercise 41 4.3.4 Directions - Exercise 42 4.3.5 Instructions - Exercise 43 4.3.6 Advertisement - Exercise 44 4.3.7 Flyers - Exercise 45 4.3.8 Poster - Exercise 46 4.3.9 Writing an e-mail 4.3.10 Fax - Exercise 47 4.3.11 Filling in a form - Exercise 48 Assessment Grid 1 1

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    Dear Gr 12 Learner 1. FOREWORD I do hope that this study guide is useful to help you prepare for your final examination. I tried to include relevant examples and exercises which could really assist you to understand what is expected of you. You are on the threshold of starting a new life. Each of you will start a life full of new beginnings and expectations, but also a new life with many responsibilities. You are the future of South Africa In ten years' time you are the breadwinners of our nation The demand for a skilled workforce in South Africa is extremely high. The National Skills Development Strategy (NSDS) 2005 - 2010 envisages halving poverty, reducing skills shortages and unemployment by 2014. You are part of this strategy as you are the ones who have to equip yourselves with the necessary skills in order to become part of an active, skilled workforce creating work for yourself through the skills you have learnt. All of you have to work together to improve the quality and relevance of scarce skills by prioritising what you plan and how you prepare yourself for the future. South Africa needs responsible hardworking citizens who really care about the future of our country and not only about themselves and their needs. As skills development is crucial to the growth and prosperity of South Africa and to ensure that infrastructure and resource needs are met, skills programmes offered by FET Colleges is of utmost importance. You dare not waste time! Good luck with your preparations! Compiled by: Mrs Bets de Lang 2 2

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    Be College Wise Since January 2007, FET Colleges nationwide are offering a modern and focused curriculum that is aligned with the skills needs of industry and the country. The National Certificate (Vocational) NC(V), is a high standard, skills-focused qualification. Unemployed youths and ambitious young people with a Grade 9 pass or higher can now make a career choice from the National Certificate (Vocational) programmes that are offered at FET Colleges, and gain admission into an FET College closer to their residential area. All NC(V) programmes are year programmes starting with Level 2. Each Level is however an exit Level and students obtain an NQF certificate for each of Level 2/3/4. The NC(V) programmes are divided as follows: BUSINESS RELATED: UTILITY RELATED Management Tourism Marketing Hospitality Office Administration Safety in Society Finance, Economics and Accounting Education and Development Primary Agriculture ENGINEERING RELATED Mechatronics Information Technology and Computer Science Electrical Infrastructure Construction Civil Engineering and Building Construction Engineering and Related Design - Fabrication; Fitting and Turning, Automotive Repair and Maintenance 3 2. ADVERTORIAL FET Colleges have been identified as primary training providers to assist government in alleviating the skills shortages and to increase the pool of skilled people. FET Colleges boast with well-equipped facilities such as workshops for practical training of the Engineering related programmes. Simulation rooms offer valuable experience to the Business related programmes where the departments such as Finance, Marketing, Management and Tourism may benefit as students, through simulation and case studies, are taught practical business skills - meeting procedures, boardroom etiquette, reception skills etc. Market days where marketing students get practical experience to buy and sell their products have proven to be an invaluable tool for gaining an understanding of real business. Training restaurants and industrial kitchens play a vital role in the practical training of the Hospitality students. These NC(V) programmes all consist of three (3) Fundamental subjects: Life Orientation (with Life Skills and Computer Literacy), Language, Mathematics (Engineering) or Mathematical Literacy (Business related) as well as four (4) Vocational subjects related to a specific programme. The dedicated Student Support Services at all Colleges offer specialised guidance in aspects such as HIV/AIDS, careers, personal counselling as well as study methods. In line with the initiatives laid down by government the fifty FET Colleges in South Africa are indeed contributing to vocational education to ensure that people with technical skills will be available for the job market by training people that are skilled enough to meet the challenges of the modern economy. 3

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    Water If you are lost without sufficient water, conserve body fluids as much as you can by moving only in the cool of the day, talking as little as possible and keeping your mouth closed. Study the immediate terrain and search for clues to water sources. Look out for such things as dense reeds or large movements of animals in a certain direction as they usually indicate a water source. If you dig beneath the surface of dry river beds, at the base of big rocks where there is dense vegetation or the base of large sand dunes, you might find some water. Ore dumps and tailings indicate the water might be nearby in old mine shafts or pits. If you are lost on a trail then resorting to these methods is not usually necessary. Shelter When building a shelter, avoid expending excessive energy. A cave or natural depression is far superior to a complicated wooden structure. Your shelter must minimise body heat loss and maximise body protection from the elements. Choose an area protected from the wind and avoid camping too close to rivers. If you are stranded in timbered country, construct a simple lean-to from wood and vegetation. Ideally, it should be a three sided structure and offer maximum protection from prevailing night winds and cold. Use sticks and stones as supports and cover them with grass and leaves. You can construct heat reflectors at the back of a fire from logs, rocks, boulders, or a space blanket to allow the heat to radiate into the shelter. Food A person can survive for a number of weeks without food and in an emergency; food is your least important worry. Unless it's absolutely necessary don't waste energy searching for edible plants and animals. But it's wise to bear the following points in mind should you need them. 1. No grasses are poisonous and the soft stem, swollen roots and seeds are edible. 2. Anything monkeys and baboons eat can be eaten by humans. 3. Insects such as locust, flying ants, dragonflies, hairless caterpillars, beetles and grubs can be eaten if cooked. 4. Honey can be obtained by smoking out a beehive. 5. Most fish are edible. 6. All fresh bird's eggs are edible. 7. Avoid the following: fruits with smooth yellow or green skins and thorns on leaves or stems, dark purple fruits from plants with milky juice but no thorns, and fruits from carpet like, low growing plants. If the first taste of the central pulp is bitter, don't eat it! Spit out the seeds and keep away from mushrooms unless you are absolutely sure of their edibility. The wilderness is a major hazard and the only way to counter that is never to enter wilderness areas. If we want to do so, we must accept an element of risk, the degree of which is largely dependent on ourselves. Choose the correct answer from the options given below. Write ONLY the number of the question and letter of the option you have chosen. 3.1.1 To signal for help audibly is to A shoot a flair up into the air B shout out loudly for help 6 C drop small pebbles along the trail D flash a mirror in the sun (2) 6

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